iOS jailbreaking is the process of removing software restrictions imposed by iOS, Apples operating system, on devices running it through the use of software exploits; devices include the iPhone, iPod touch, iPad, and the AppleTV 2 and 4. Jailbreaking permits root access to the iOS file system and manager, allowing the download of additional applications, extensions, and themes that are unavailable through the official Apple App Store.
iOS jailbreaking started as soon as the original iPhone became available in July 2007 and as of April 2016 has continued into the present day. Apple has responded with updates to iOS patching exploits and with new hardware. Jailbreaking communities have not been legally threatened. The legal status of jailbreaking is unclear in most countries; while many prohibit tampering with digital locks, they tolerate jailbreaks that do not infringe on copyrights. In 2010, 2012, and 2015, the U.S. Copyright Office approved exemptions allowing smartphone users to jailbreak their devices.
Joomla! is a free and open source content management system (CMS) designed to assist users in building websites and other online applications.
The Joomla open source CMS, which is offered under the General Public License (GPL) version 2.0, is a continuation of the work of the development team that unanimously resigned from the Mambo project in August 2005. Joomla version 1.0 is derived from Mambo 220.127.116.11 but includes many additional bug fixes and security patches.
The Joomla Web CMS is considered to be a popular choice for many types of websites, including corporate sites, news or blogs, government applications, small business sites and sites where secure logins are required. The ecosystem of Joomla developers and users provide products and services to the Joomla community which has more than one-half million members and more than 20,000 developers.
Organizational, legal and financial support for the Joomla! open-source project is provided by the non-profit organization, Open Source Matters (OSM). OSM is responsible for all project activities that are not the responsibility of the production working group or the community working group, such as operations management, events, the shop, marketing and public relations.
The name Joomla is a phonetic spelling for the Swahili word “Jumla” which means all together or as a whole. Joomla’s main open source Web CMS competitors include WordPress and Drupal.